Common Types of Waste Generated by Industry Sectors
October 30, 2019

Many of the tasks an industry performs have the potential to generate hazardous waste. If your industry produces hazardous wastes, you need to identify which ones you are generating.

The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) has created a list of examples of hazardous wastes that are common for specific industry sectors. They also give suggestions for how those in particular industries should treat and dispose of the wastes. The following are common types of wastes generated by industry sectors and how, according to federal regulations, they have to be disposed of. (Your state may have additional codes for some of these wastes.)

Knowing and understanding what is considered hazardous waste and how to dispose of it, can significantly reduce your regulatory burden as well as potentially save your business money.

Equipment Repair

The wastes generated through the equipment repair industry sector include toxic wastes, acids, ignitable wastes, paint wastes, and solvents. These waste materials fall under the codes D001, D002, D006, D008, F001, and F005.

The generation of these wastes is from cleaning equipment, paint preparation, degreasing, rust removal, paint removal, brush cleaning, spray booths, and spray guns. They should all be shipped to a registered hazardous waste disposal service for treatment, storage, and disposal.


The laboratory industry sector generates unused agents, reaction products, testing samples, spent solvents, and contaminated materials. The RCRA waste codes used are D001, D002, D003, F001, F005, and U211.

The activities which generate these wastes are diagnostic and laboratory testing. All wastes should be shipped to a registered hazardous waste service for proper handling.

Motor Freight and Railroad Transportation

Activity includes unloading and cleaning rail cars and tank trucks, and the wastes are:

  • acid and alkaline cleaners
  • ethyl benzene residuals
  • residues from wastewater treatment
  • spent solvents
  • volatile organic emissions
  • wastewater

The waste codes for these materials are:

  • D001 for the residuals solvent wastes
  • D002 for the residuals, wastewater, and cleaners
  • F003 for the ethyl benzene
  • P and U codes for the residuals from the shipping of commercial chemical products

Package and label these hazardous waste materials and check with your local hazardous waste service for proper disposal methods.

Photo Processing

In the photo processing sector, there are hazardous wastes generated through processing and developing negatives and prints, washing, and stabilizing. Silver is the waste material from all these activities and falls under the code D011.

To handle this waste:

  • Recover the silver through metallic replacement
  • Send the silver residue to a silver refiner by using a hazardous waste disposal service

Other activities in the photo processing industry are system cleaning and storing of products. These processes generate acids, photographic activators, off-specification chemicals. The codes these materials fall under include:

  • D002 for the acid regenerates, system cleaners, photographic activators and the chemicals with corrosivity characteristics
  • D001 for the chemicals with ignitability characteristics
  • D007 for the dichromate

For proper disposal of these hazardous waste materials, check with your local hazardous waste disposal service.

Textile Manufacturing

The textile manufacturing sector generates hazardous waste materials through bleaching and mercerizing. These processes create:

  • hydrogen peroxide
  • sodium silicate,
  • organic stabilizer
  • alkali
  • sodium hydroxide

The code for these materials is D002. To dispose of these materials, they should be neutralized and shipped to a hazardous waste disposal service.

Equipment maintenance is another activity which generates:

  • tetrachlorethylene
  • trichloroethylene
  • methylene chloride
  • chlorobenzene
  • toluene
  • methyl ethyl ketone
  • benzene
  • xylene
  • ethylene dichloride
  • mineral spirits

The RCRA waste codes for these materials are:

  • D001- isopropyl alcohol and mineral spirits
  • D018- benzene
  • D021- chlorobenzene
  • D035- methyl ethyl ketone
  • D039- tetrachloroethylene
  • D040- trichloroethylene
  • F001-F005- benzene, chlorobenzene, methylene, chloride, methyl ethyl ketone, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, toluene, xylene
  • U019- benzene
  • U037- chlorobenzene
  • U077- ethylene dichloride
  • U080- methylene chloride
  • U159- methyl ethyl ketone
  • U210- tetrachloroethylene
  • U220- toluene
  • U228- trichloroethylene
  • U239- xylene

Methods for recycling, treating, and disposing of these materials should be referred to a hazardous waste disposal service.

Construction, Demolition, and Renovation

Activities under the construction, demolition, and renovation industries include:

  • land clearing
  • wrecking and demolition
  • heavy construction
  • carpentry and floorwork
  • paint preparation
  • painting
  • specialty contracting activities

RCRA waste codes and materials generated for these activities  include:

  • D001- ignitable wreckage and debris, asphalt wastes, petroleum distillates, used oil sent for disposal, acetone, adhesives, coatings, methylene chloride, MEK, MIK, mineral spirits, solvents,
  • trichloroethylene, toluene, xylene, chlorobenzene, glazes, methanol, paint, petroleum distillates, stripping compounds, wastewater
  • D004- arsenic, treated wood
  • D006-D008- used oil sent for disposal, chromium pigments, lead pigments
  • D009- mercury-containing fluorescent lamps
  • D018- asphalt wastes containing benzene
  • D021- chlorobenzene
  • D023-D026- toxic wreckage and debris containing cresols
  • D035- MEK
  • D037- treated wood
  • D040- trichloroethylene
  • F001-F002- trichloroethylene, methylene chloride, chlorobenzene
  • F003- acetone, xylene, MIK, methanol
  • F005- toluene, MEK
  • U002- unused acetone
  • U037- unused chlorobenzene
  • U080- unused methylene chloride
  • U159- unused MEK
  • U161- unused MIK
  • U220- unused toluene
  • U239- unused xylene

Contact your local hazardous waste disposal service for proper storing, shipping, and disposal of these materials.

Educational and Vocational Shops

The activities which generate hazardous wastes in the educational and vocational shop sectors include:

  • automobile engine and body repair
  • metalworking
  • graphic arts
  • plate preparation
  • woodworking

These activities generate solvent waste, ignitable wastes, acids, and paint wastes. The RCRA codes for these include D001, D002, F001-F005.

You should check with your local hazardous waste disposal service for proper handling when disposing of.

Furniture Manufacturing and Refinishing

Activities performed in the furniture manufacturing and refinishing sectors include:

  • construction and surface preparation
  • staining and painting
  • finishing
  • brush and spray gun cleaning

The hazardous wastes these activities and their RCRA codes include:

  • D001- solvent wastes, petroleum distillates, mineral spirits, acetone, alcohols, xylene, toluene diisocyanate, isopropanol
  • D002- oxalic acid
  • D003- toluene diisocyanate
  • D007- pigments
  • D008- pigments
  • D035- methyl ethyl ketone
  • D040- trichloroethane
  • F001-F002- trichloroethane
  • F003- acetone, xylene, methyl isobutyl ketone, methanol
  • F005- toluene, methyl ethyl ketone
  • U002- unused acetone
  • U080- unused methylene chloride
  • U220- unused toluene
  • U223- unused toluene diisocyanate
  • U239- unused xylene
  • U161- unused methyl isobutyl ketone

Check with your local registered hazardous waste disposal service to find out how to properly store, label, ship, or dispose of these materials.

Leather Manufacturing

The leather manufacturing sector performs:

  • soaking
  • hair removal
  • deliming
  • bating
  • tanning
  • retanning
  • dyeing
  • fatliquoring
  • buffing
  • coating
  • product storage

The wastes and RCRA codes for these activities generate:

  • D001- kerosene, solvent and dye overspray, solvent still bottoms, toluene
  • D002- wastewater, alkaline, acids, alkaline salts
  • D003- reactive sulfides
  • D007- chromium
  • D035- methyl ethyl ketone
  • F001-F005- methyl ethyl ketone, solvent overspray, solvent still bottoms, toluene, xylene
  • U159- methyl ethyl ketone
  • U220- toluene
  • U228- trichloroethylene

Contact your local hazardous waste disposal service to store, label, ship, and dispose of these materials properly.

Pesticide End-Users and Application Services

Activities performed in the pesticide end-users and application services sector include pesticide application and cleanup. The wastes generated in this industry include:

  • used and unused pesticides
  • solvent wastes
  • ignitable wastes
  • contaminated soil from spills
  • contaminated rinse water
  • empty containers

The RCRA waste codes applied to these hazardous wastes include; D001, F001-F005, U129, P094, and P123

Check with your local hazardous waste disposal service on how to label, store, ship, and dispose of these materials.


Activities performed in the printing industry include:

  • using ink in lithography, letterpress, screen printing, flexography, gravure, plate processing, cleaning printing equipment, developing negatives and prints, the printing process

Through these activities, the following hazardous chemicals are generated under these RCRA codes:

  • D001- ignitable waste, acetone
  • D002- corrosive waste, acetone
  • D005- barium
  • D007- chromium
  • D008- lead
  • D011- silver
  • D018- benzene
  • D019- carbon tetrachloride
  • D021- chlorobenzene
  • D040- trichloroethylene
  • D043- vinyl chloride
  • U002- acetone
  • U019- benzene
  • U043- vinyl chloride
  • U055- cumene
  • U056- cyclohexane
  • U069- dibutyl phthalate
  • U080- methylene chloride
  • U112- ethyl acetate
  • U122- formaldehyde
  • U154- methanol
  • U159- MEK
  • U161- methyl isobutyl ketone
  • U210- tetrachloroethylene
  • U211- carbon tetrachloride
  • U220- toluene
  • U223- toluene diisocyanate
  • U228- trichloroethylene
  • U239- xylene
  • U266- methyl chloroform
  • U259- ethanol, 2-ethoxy
  • F001-F005- solvents, perchloroethylene, butanol

Check with your local hazardous waste disposal service for directions on how to label, store, ship, and dispose of these hazardous materials.

Vehicle Maintenance

The activities performed in the vehicle maintenance sector include:

  • air conditioner maintenance
  • battery replacement
  • body repair and refinishing
  • car washing
  • oil and fluid replacement
  • tire replacement
  • rustproofing, painting, and paint removal
  • parts washing and degreasing
  • product storage, storage tank cleaning
  • radiator repair
  • shop cleanup

The hazardous waste materials and RCRA codes generated through these activities include:

  • D002-D008- lead dross, zinc, copper, and spent sulfuric acid
  • D0006-D007-D008- scrap metal
  • D001-F002-D040-U080-U228- methylene chloride, trichloroethylene, aromatic, chlorinated hydrocarbons
  • D001-D006-D007-D008- used oil, oil filters, fuel filters, contaminated with cadmium, chromium, lead, benzopyrene, antifreeze contaminated with lead, petroleum distillates, chlorinated hydrocarbons
  • scrap tires have not been assigned an RCRA code
  • D001-D035-F002-F003- spent halogenated, non-halgenated solvents (acetone, toluene, benzene, methanol, methylene chloride, isopropyl, alcohol) waste paint, thinner, paint, paint filters, spent rags, wipes
  • D001-D002-D018-D008-F001- benzene, phosphoric acid, hydrochloric acid,
  • hydrofluoric acid, sodium hydroxide, heavy metals, petroleum distillates, spent rags, wipes
  • D001-F001- solvents and petroleum products along with potentially outdated or off-specification products
  • D001-D002-D008-F002- zinc chloride, chlorinated solvents, lead solder
  • D001-D002-D008-F002- used oil and drain, sump sludges contaminated with metals, petroleum, solvents, spent rags and wipes

Call Environmental Marketing Services today to learn how we can handle your hazardous waste disposal needs 864-654-4860 or toll-free at 877-222-2381. We have developed cost effective solutions to meet your recycling needs and hazardous waste disposal.

At Environmental Marketing Services our innovative solutions minimize your liabilities and protect the environment. We use the latest in technology to properly handle and dispose of hazardous waste materials and follow all RCRA regulations.  Call us today and learn how we can help you reclaim the environment in a timely manner at affordable rates.

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